The largest ethnic groups in Malaysia are the Malays, Chinese and Indians. In Sabah and Sarawak, there are a myriad of indigenous ethnic groups with their own unique culture and heritage.
Ethnic Malays and other indigenous ethnic groups are known as bumiputra or bumiputera (pronounced boo-mih-poo-TRAH) which translated literally means "sons of the Earth" (Sanskrit) or "princes of the Earth" (Malay).
Peninsular Malaysia: 80%
East Malaysia: 20%
More than half of all the people live in cities and towns and the other half in kampongs (villages) in the countryside. In the old days, kampong houses were made of wood with thatched roofing called atap, made from leaves of coconut trees or nipa palm; they were built on stilts for protection against floodwaters. Today, many new houses are made of concrete. Every kampong has its own mosque.
Indigenous (natives) 11%
Orang Asli (general term used for Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay) in Peninsular Malaysia
Dayaks (collective term used for Iban, Bidayuh and Orang Ulu) in Sarawak
Kadazan-Dusun, Bajau and Murut are the largest indigenous groups in Sabah