The Kings of Israel & Judah

The Heritage of Jesus

Why Study the Kings?
Host: Alan's Gleanings
Chart of the Kings
Alphabetical List of the Kings
Questions for Discussion
A Comment about Names
The Heritage of Jesus
God's Message of Salvation

Have you ever thought about the genealogy of Jesus given in the first chapter of Matthew? Oh, genealogy, you say, that's technical stuff, boring, right?

Maybe so, but this particular list of ancestors has something very special to say about who Jesus was.

In the table at the right, we line up the list of the kings of Judah on one side, and the ancestors of Jesus on the other side. You know what? They're the same list — allowing for some spelling changes due to language translation, plus Matthew's habit of omitting a generation here and there.

Matthew is tracing Jesus' lineage, and it goes right through the kings, from David on!

The Jews had long expected a “Messiah”, a king who would be of the lineage of David, and would resume David's throne. When people called Jesus “son of David” (meaning “descendent of David”), they were saying they wanted Jesus to take up David's throne and kingdom.

The point of Matthew's genealogy is not just to list Jesus' ancestors — Matthew's point is that Jesus is the rightful heir to the throne of Israel!

The Kings of Judah and Ancestors of Jesus
King of Judah
from Old Testament
(Hebrew spelling)
Ancestor of Jesus
from Matthew 1:6-11
(Greek spelling)
David David
Solomon Solomon
Rehoboam Roboam
Abijam Abia
Asa Asa
Jehoshaphat Josaphat
Jehoram Joram
Ahaziah (omitted)
Joash (omitted)
Amaziah (omitted)
Uzziah Ozias
Jotham Jotham
Ahaz Achaz
Hezekiah Ezekias
Manasseh Manasses
Amon Amon
Josiah Josias
Jehoahaz (not an ancestor)
Jehoiakim (omitted)
(AKA Jeconiah)
Zedekiah (not an ancestor)