Why Delegate & How to
The final test of leadership is to leave behind men and women with the conviction, commitment and competency to carry on ... and this can be accomplished through delegation. Delegation is the on-going process by which a leader assigns additional tasks (i.e., responsibilities and authority) to a subordinate in such a way that there is acceptance of responsibility for the assigned tasks.
• Eased work pressures - not dominated by minor details
• Increased time for primary (broader) responsibilities
• Increased time for self-development
• Challenge and interest
• Increased motivation
• Increased opportunities to learn and grow
Why One Manager Does Not Delegate
How to Delegate
Delegation is not the assignment of routine tasks to anyone who happens to be available. There is a need to assess strengths, weaknesses and previous experience of all available personnel and then match them with tasks that will utilize their strengths and experience.
Looking again at Moses' criteria in his selection of men to help him in the task of mediation (Exo 18:21-23), we see that he chose spiritually and morally qualified men for the tasks. We too need to look for these same qualities in our potential candidates.
The key to successful delegation is communication of the importance of the assigned tasks and how they fit into the grand scheme of things. You need to present the tasks from his perspective, "What's in it for me?" In other words, ensure that there is benefit for the person. This is also when you communicate performance expectations and clarify the extent of his authority.
Be careful not to take a problem out of a subordinate's hands and make a decision when he merely wants to discuss it with you. Let him take the wheel; do not be a back-seat driver i.e., do not make decisions that your subordinate could otherwise make for himself.
"The best executive is one who has sense enough to pick good people to do what he wants done, and self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it."Continue to guide him by asking questions to clarify his objectives, raise up all key-related facts, think of alternatives and possibilities and finally consider consequences of actions.