Leadership vs Management
What's the difference between leadership and management?
A leader by its meaning is one who goes first and leads by example (c.f., 1 Pet. 5:3; 1 Cor. 11:1), so that others are motivated to follow him. Is it a must that a leader leads by example? What if he is appointed to a large organization ... a very big organization? Is it realistic then to expect the leader to lead by example in all areas?
In Exo 18:13-23, Jethro (Moses' father-in-law) observed that much of Moses' time was taken up in answering disputes and inquiries of people who sought (through Moses) to know God's will. Mind you, the number of Hebrews who left Egypt and crossed the Red Sea was 600,000 men, excluding children (Exo 12:37; Num 1:46) - this was no small organization!
Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.
Peter F. Drucker
Jethro advised Moses to continue teaching the people the laws of God (v 20) and to delegate "mediation" responsibility of minor disputes to spiritually and morally qualified men (v 21-23). Moses' responsibility was to handle the major disputes. Moses accepted Jethro's advice (v 24-26).
25 Moses chose able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.
Was Moses still leading by example? Yes, he was ... he was still responsible for mediating difficult disputes ... disputes that the appointed leaders could not handle. Major disputes handled by Moses were probably lesser in number compared to minor disputes. Moreover, by teaching the people the laws of God, there would be lesser disputes (major and minor) in the first place.
26 They judged the people at all times; the difficult dispute they would bring to Moses, but every minor dispute they themselves would judge.
What's happening in Exo 18:13-23? Is it leadership in action or management in action? What's the difference (if any) between leadership and management?
||A science and an art
||Has realistic expectations
|Has to do with faith
||Has to do with fact
|Seeks effectiveness - do the right thing
||Seeks efficiency - do things right
|Thrives on opportunity
||Lives for the job well done
|Heart in leadership
||Head in management
Management is an organizational process that includes planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
Leadership is a function in the management process. It is unrealistic to expect the leader to lead by example in all areas in a large organization because he is unlikely to have the expertise or competency in all areas. Moreover, the tasks will be too big and heavy for him to bear alone; he needs to get things done through other people.
- Planning: Predetermining a course of action
- Organizing: Placing people into a structure to accomplish objectives
- Leading: Influencing people to take effective action in the implementation of the plan
- Controlling: Assuring that performance conforms to plan
What happened in Exo 18:13-23 was organizing - (1) classify disputes into major and minor, (2) organize people into groups of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens, (3) appoint group leaders and (4) delegate "mediation" responsibilities to them.
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