Vietnam has several types of traditional theatre or opera.
Hát tuong is also called hát boi in the south. A theatre form strongly influenced by Chinese opera, it transitioned from entertainment for the royal courts to travelling troupes for commoners and peasants. It features well-known stock characters in elaborate costumes and make-up.
Cai luong is a kind of modern folk opera which utilizes extensive vibrato techniques. The performances are based on more modern plots compared to the other operas.
Hát chčo is the oldest theatre/music form. It combines dance, song and poetry. Chčo operas are enjoyed by rural and urban people. The characters in the plays sing time-tested popular melodies. An amusing character is commonly featured in Chčo opera, provoking laughter from the audience.